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Background and Justification:
Since the last Situation Analysis (SitAn) of Children conducted in 2013 Azerbaijan has made significant progress in economic and social development. The Government made strong commitments to implement the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in Azerbaijan. However, the economic consequences of the global fall in oil prices in 2015 leads to greater focus on economic recovery through development of 11 Strategic Roadmaps containing important economic and industrial sector reforms to accelerate growth and sustain economic confidence and independence, but leaves constraints on investment in social sectors.
In this changing context, a new SitAn appears necessary to draw attention on social development issues, taking into the consideration of the Government’s great interests in human capital development. It will help build strong baseline analysis of situation of children and women for the key national priorities towards the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). A comprehensive SitAn, through understanding the current development status of children and women in Azerbaijan, identifying the most vulnerable groups, and exploring manifestations and underlying causes/bottlenecks of disparities, will support the implementation of the Government’s national and local programmes, including a National Plan of Action for Children and the SDGs to be developed in 2019, with a strong equity focus on the most vulnerable children and their families.
Moreover, the SitAn will also build the basis for the development of a new UNICEF-Azerbaijan Country Programme Document (CPD) for 2021-2025. A high quality SitAn will contribute to the UN Common Country Assessment (CCA) and ensure child development priorities are addressed in the new UN-Azerbaijan Partnership Framework (UNAPF) 2021-2025.
The SitAn is being planned in partnership with the Government of Azerbaijan. The study will be carried out by a selected experienced international consultant together with national assistance and coordinated by UNICEF.
Objectives of the Consultancy:
The purpose of the consultancy is to support the UNICEF Country Office and its partners to develop an objective and verifiable analysis of the situation of children in Azerbaijan, which will be used by all partners in addressing key challenges preventing children, especially the most disadvantaged, from enjoying their rights ensured in the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) and other international obligations of the country.
Specific objectives:Generating understanding of the current situation of children by conducting a secondary analysis of the demographic profile, political, economic and governance, humanitarian risk profile, gender profile, public finance, poverty, drives of inequality, stakeholders, business, Country Assessment of Essential Products, Markets and Supply Chains for Children, and Knowledge, attitudes and practices towards key child development issues. Analysing children’s rights progress and current status of children and adolescents’ development disaggregated by age, gender, urban/rural, ethnicity, wealth and other relevant factors. Identify any new trends, patterns, incidence and causes of key deprivations and patterns of vulnerability, disaggregated by relevant segments of the population using available data and other information. Identify and analyse key barriers and bottlenecks that prevent disadvantaged girls, boys and families from benefiting from required interventions and services. The immediate underlying and root causes should be examined including the social, political and economic conditions and gender norms that result in shortfalls in the creation of an enabling environment for the realization of children’s rights. Analyse the extent to which gender inequalities and the fulfilment/non-fulfilment of the rights of women affect overall inequalities and deprivations, including those affecting children. Assess the current or potential presence of risks, including conflict, natural hazards, existing and future hazards from climate change and other potential shocks; the likelihood of their occurrence, the underlying vulnerabilities, the nature of the hazard and the particularly vulnerable groups that will be affected. The capacities and coping mechanisms of women and men, families, communities, local and national institutions to mitigate these risks and deal with shocks should also be assessed. Analyse the extent to which the evidence-based interventions and services needed to address vulnerabilities are prioritized in national policies, laws, strategies, plans and budgets, and supported by UNICEF and partners. This would include an analysis of the extent to which there is an enabling environment for the realization of the rights of all children including the promotion of positive social norms and behaviours, transformation of gender norms, organization of services, institutional capacities at national, sub-national and community levels.
The SitAn should reflect any new developments and changes in the programming context of Azerbaijan and relevant sectoral (i.e. Health, Nutrition, Education, Social and Child Protection) and cross-cutting issues (i.e. Disabilities, Gender, Participation, Social Inclusion etc.). It should also include evidence-based recommendations for improving data availability and analysis concerning rights of children. Such recommendations should also consider potential innovative actions and highlight opportunities for strategic partnerships for leveraging political and economic will for the most disadvantaged children and their families.
The SitAn will be informed by UNICEF guidance including the UNICEF Programme Policy and Procedures electronic Manual (PPPeM), the Guidance on Conducting a Situation analysis of Children’s and Women’s Rights.
The Conceptual Framework:
The following indicative framework and methodology are provided as guidance. The consultant is required to propose a clear methodology considering the elements listed below as integral components.
At the heart of the analysis is a conceptual framework which establishes the causality between the causes, opportunities and barriers to achieving child rights and wellbeing, and provides an understanding of the existing deprivations and inequities. The framework situates the analysis in the country context with a clear recognition of regional and global issues that are impacting children’s lives in the country. It explores the reasons behind the uneven realisation of child rights, inequities in wellbeing and the opportunities to achieve progress for all children, especially those who are left behind or most at risk of being left behind.
The following table outlines the specific questions in the conceptual framework. Some of these questions might need to be further unpacked depending on the country context or how the analysis is designed.
Child rights and wellbeing: progress and inequities
·What has the progress been in achieving children’s rights and wellbeing?
·Has progress been unequal? How big or deep are the disparities in the realisation of child rights and wellbeing?
· Who are the groups left behind or most at risk of being left behind?
Causes, challenges and risks
·What factors have contributed to the realisation of child rights and wellbeing?
·What are the top factors (prioritisation is key here) that prevent the realisation of child rights and wellbeing?
·What top factors drive inequities in the realisation of child rights and wellbeing?
·Do children, especially the most vulnerable, have access to lifesaving commodities and services?
·What are the main risks that could prevent the realisation of child rights and wellbeing, or exacerbate inequities?
·Who are the stakeholders that can play a role in achieving child rights and wellbeing?
·How does the country context contribute to child rights and wellbeing? Conversely, what macro factors prevent their realisation and/or exacerbate inequities?
Global and regional issues
·Are there global and regional issues that impact child rights and wellbeing?
·How does the realisation of child rights and wellbeing contribute towards the achievement of the SDGs in the country?
A large number of studies, surveys, assessments and evaluations have been completed in different areas related to the rights of children in Azerbaijan since the last SitAn was conducted in 2013. It is expected that the international expert will synthesise all new relevant information from research, surveys, analytical reports, management information systems and national policies and legislation into SitAn.
Below is a brief outline of an indicative methodology for conducting the situation analysis. The consultant is required to propose a more precise scope and methodology. UNICEF guidance on conducting a situation analysis is recommended as a reference for this purpose. Five Minimum SitAn requirements are also provided in an annex D to this ToR.
The consultant will primarily rely on secondary data analysis, with limited primary data collection from major duty-bearers for child rights. This will specifically include:Desk review of existing data and evidence on selected topics published in studies, research and survey reports. The desk review should analyse trends and child outcomes in the selected focus areas to enable the in-depth understanding of key social, cultural and economic issues. Comparative analysis of available legislation, social policy, government strategies and budget allocation and analysis of public expenditure documents in conformity with provisions of the CRC, CEDAW and the Universal Periodic Review. Background notes on specific topics where UNICEF and other actors working with and for children do not have or have limited knowledge for a comprehensive Situation Analysis (e.g. disabilities; gender analysis of disparities; and, adolescent participation and civic engagement). Key informants consultations with those who shape and implement public policies (focus groups and interviews during in-country visits).
The analysis must fully consider and articulate disparities related to gender, income, geographic location (national/ regional perspectives), ethnicity and level of ability. Some specific analysis tools, such as causality analysis, bottleneck and determinant analysis, capacity gap analysis, vulnerability analysis, role-pattern analysis, and other relative tools to be available through the new SitAn Toolkits for thematic issues will be used to support quality analysis and assessment.
As a joint activity with the Government, UNICEF will strive to engage government counterparts and other stakeholders in the SitAn process. A SitAn Technical Committee will be set up jointly let by the State Committee for Family, Women and Children’s Affairs (SCFWCA) and UNICEF, with the participation of key stakeholders including key ministries and government agencies at the national and sub national levels; relevant civil society organizations and NGOs, professional associations, women groups, youth organizations and other social partners; international development partners; policy analysis, research and development institutions. The process will involve proper dialogue and consultation with all partners and stakeholders as well as UNICEF’s programme staff, as appropriate. The final report will be validated by the SitAn Technical Committee and endorsed by both the Government of Azerbaijan and UNICEF.
Activities and Tasks
The consultancy and its approach will be informed by UNICEF’s Guidance on Conducting a Situation Analysis of Children’s and Women’s Rights – Taking a right based, equity focused approach to Situation Analysis (March 2012) and the Core Guidance: New Generation of Situation Analysis (March 2018).
The consultancy will use the organizational guidance to undertake the following, in close consultation with the Country Office. The key assignments and deliverables are as follow:
Key Activities and tasks
Inception report based on the TOR.
Develop and submit an inception report summarizing key methodologies and timeframe for:
-Reviewing the UNICEF’s updated Situation Analysis Guideline.
-Collecting and mapping available data and information, publications on social economic, as well as children and women in Az-n.
-preparing a SitAn inception report which summarises:
conceptual and analysis framework;
availability of data sources, clustered by thematic focus areas;
information gap analysis;
Outline of the Report, and
schedule of activities and timeline.
Inception Report (not more than 20 pages)
10 working days, by mid April
Desk review: Data collection and 1st draft report.
-Conduct desk review based on relevant source documents (Annex C) to produce draft overview of socioeconomic and political context.
-Undertake remote interviews with country office staff on general changes in trends, and situation in the programming environment.
-Prepare and submit first draft of the SitAn report for review.
1st draft report (not more than 80 pages excluding Annexes)
15 working days, by end April
Consultation and dialogue with stakeholders to gather more information
-In country visit to interview relevant government organizations and CSOs to collect more data.
-Conduct a dialogue and consultation with adolescents and people with disabilities.
-Conduct a consultation with government and civil society partners.
1st In-country visit
10 working days, early-mid May
Second draft submitted
Produce second draft of the SitAn report integrating inputs from the consultations and dialogues with stakeholders and comments on the first draft
2nd draft SitAn Report
5 working days
Validation workshop with partners
Presentation of the SitAn report to partners for validation
- A PowerPoint Presentation (not more than 40 slides)
- 2nd in country visit
5 working days, early-mid June
Finalization of SitAn Report
-Review the report with comments from validation workshop and
-Submit the final SitAn Report and other products
- Final SitAn Report (not more than 80 pages excluding Annexes)
- Final ppt presentation
- A Brief Summary document for policy makers (within 5 pages)
5 working days, by end June
50 work. days
The Consultant will report to the Deputy Representative, and work closely with the SitAn Technical Committee; UNICEF Child Rights System Monitoring (M&E) Specialist,all other programme professionals.
In addition, s/he will collaborate closely with the M&E Specialist for technical guidance and inputs. The Consultant will provide an update on a weekly basis (via email or Skype) with regards to progress, challenges encountered, support required and proposed solutions.
A national consultant/research team will be engaged to provide in-country support in the whole process. It will include coordination with counterparts to collect related information, identify and translate key information from Azerbaijani language to English, support to organize in-country visit including field visits and in-country consultation, and coordination on report review and receiving feedbacks.
All materials developed will remain the copyright of UNICEF. UNICEF will be free to adapt and modify them. This ToR is an integral part of the contract signed with the consultant. The penultimate version of the report will also undergo the review of the UNICEF Europe and Central Asia Regional Office and potentially an external peer reviewer(s).
All interviews, including with children, should adhere to the UNICEF Principle Guidelines for Ethical Reporting on Children and Young People under 18 years old.
The Consultant may not publish or disseminate Reports, data collection tools, collected data or any other documents produced from this consultancy without the express permission of and acknowledgement of UNICEF.
Treating sensitive issues:
In some contexts, the analysis will have to explore issues where there are sensitivities with government. It is important that the SitAn does not leave these issues out of the discussion.
When analysing sensitive or potentially sensitive issues, the following strategies could be taken:Engage the government and a broad range of stakeholders when framing the analysis. The development process should be consultative, and the report should reflect the views of the various groups consulted; The analysis should draw from both official sources and alternative sources of information such as shadow reports by civil society; The analysis should specifically mention differences in statistics (e.g. number of asylums seekers where government figures may differ from other sources) and The analysis should at least point out the existence of the issue and highlight the need to examine it closely and fill data and information gaps.
The Consultant will work 50 days for the assignment, over the period of 3 months between April to June. The contract will be lasted until end August, to allow for final feedback and adjustments.
Advanced degree in the social science (sociology, economics, anthropology, development Studies, etc.) or related fields relevant to the assignment
Experience:A minimum of 8 years of professional experience in conducting equity-focussed research, socio-economic and human rights-based analysis, and technical assistance to governments and organizations, in the areas of the human rights-based approach to programming (HRBAP), an understanding of the CRC, CEDAW and other relevant frameworks, ability to conduct equity-focused research and analysis; Proven ability in coordination of research, dialogue and synthesis of complex information in strategic reports; Knowledge and experience in conducting similar analysis (e.g. equity focussed situation analysis), and breadth of knowledge on children and women’s issues Demonstrated experience with research and participatory methods; Strong writing and analytical skills for quality report writing (a sample of recent analytical report will be requested); Strong presentation and communication skills in English (fluency required) Strong coordination skills and ability to adhere to deadlines; Previous work experience with UNICEF in a similar capacity, is an advantage.
Other competencies Demonstrated ability to work in a multicultural environment and establish harmonious and effective relationships with national partners.
All consultants regardless of contract duration must complete the applicable mandatory training. The link to these online training will be provided during the selection process for the successful candidates.
Candidates should submit a proposal with:
c)Cover letter that should includeAssessment of suitability vis-à-vis the requirements of these ToR; A summary of experience in similar assignments; Links to/attachments of examples of similar work; Requested daily fee and estimated travel costs (detailed and in USD).
UNICEF is committed to diversity and inclusion within its workforce, and encourages all candidates, irrespective of gender, nationality, religious and ethnic backgrounds, including persons living with disabilities, to apply to become a part of the organization.
ToR SitAn .docx