The situation in the oPt remains a protracted protection crisis with humanitarian consequences. There is at present an increasing need to support 500,000 Palestinians living in Area C and East Jerusalem, who routinely experience violations of international humanitarian law (IHL) and international human rights law (IHRL) relating to policies of forcible transfer. The coercive environment which gives rise to forcible transfer manifests itself through a discriminatory permit regime for construction, lack of access to basic services, forced evictions and planned relocations, confiscation and destruction of civilian property, obstruction of humanitarian assistance through destruction or seizure of relief items, land expropriation, movement and access restrictions declarations of live fire zones and closed areas, settler violence and military operations.
The West Bank Protection Consortium (hereafter, the ‘Consortium’) was established in January 2015 to protect Palestinians in the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, from individual and mass forcible transfer. The Consortium has brought together five INGO Partners (NRC, as lead agency, Action Against Hunger, ACTED, GVC and PUI – hereafter the ‘Partners’) with complementary field presence and sectorial expertise in order to develop a more holistic, protection-centred humanitarian response focused on prevention, emergency response and humanitarian advocacy. The Consortium is currently funded by nine Donors – DG-ECHO, Belgium, Denmark, France, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Spain and Sweden – through various projects.
Capitalizing on their strategic alliance, Partners have collaboratively developed an ‘Integrated Protection Approach’ to counter prevalent violations of IHL which give rise to forcible transfer. Crucially, the Consortium engages the targeted communities in assessing their vulnerability and in mapping appropriately corresponding protection responses, while also aiming to increase the capacity of the community to make informed decisions about their safety and organize their resources and efforts to reduce exposure to harm. Further, material assistance, essential services and emergency support including the rehabilitation of essential infrastructure such as homes, schools, WASH facilities, roads, land, and livelihood inputs are provided to communities and households affected or at risk of being affected by forcible transfer in order to assist them to stay in their location, to use their land and to support community empowerment. The Consortium also provides legal representation, counseling and advice to its beneficiaries. This assistance is supported with humanitarian and legal advocacy initiatives undertaken to promote lasting change in the relevant legislation, case law, policies and practices which give rise to forcible transfer and to seek restitution in cases of forcible transfer, demolition, seizure, eviction, and settler violence. This integrated approach endeavors to ensure that communities are sufficiently protected and equipped with both tangible and intangible assets, in order to remain in their current location of choice, and thus prevent their forcible transfer.
The results pursued by the Consortium and its main activities are as follows:
Result 1: Support Community empowerment and mobilization for communities living in an environment in which IHL violations are prevalent: 1.1. Implementation of the Community-based Protection Approach (CPA) to reinforce community capacities and coping mechanisms, through vulnerability, legal and incident profiling and the provision of risk preparedness tools and resources. 1.2. Implementation of an Early Warning and Response System for IHL/IHRL violations, in particular settler violence and excessive use of force by Israeli Forces, to alert incidents, provide emergency responses and refer affected persons/communities to appropriate agencies for complimentary services required for their protection. 1.3. Strengthening of community capacity to engage National and Local Authorities, Humanitarian and Development actors for their protection from IHL violations, the restoration of public life and provision of adequate services.
Result 2. Households and communities at risk of forcible transfer have access to essential services, material assistance, legal aid and cash or in-kind emergency support: 2.1. Provision of material assistance and essential services to communities vulnerable to forcible transfer, including the rehabilitation of critical infrastructure to allow community members to stay in their locale of choice and adequately use their land and property. 2.2. Systematic response to individual and mass demolition through technical assessment, cash and in-kind assistance, and response monitoring. 2.3. Responsive and remedial actions to reduce the risks for and mitigating the impact of incidents of settler or Israeli Forces violence and established patterns of abuse through protective responses, cash and in-kind assistance. 2.4. Legal representation, counselling and technical assistance to allow for timely, effective and unimpeded humanitarian response, and the recovery of those adversely affected.
Result 3. Seeking to promote changes in policies and practices, which lead to FT: 3.1. Targeted research, policy development and humanitarian advocacy undertaken with Third States and intergovernmental organizations to challenge policies and practices resulting in forcible, with a focus on corollary violations of international law such as the acquisition of territory by force, deprivation of essential services and obstruction of humanitarian relief. 3.2. Policy and coordination support to the Palestinian Authority to reinforce their role in preventing forcible transfer and in extending essential services to vulnerable communities, particularly in Area C. 3.3. Strategic outreach to the humanitarian and development community, academia and the media to further raise awareness about the coercive environment and rights of the protected population, with a focus on advancing the right to development of Area C communities in the context of prolonged Occupation.
Within the framework of the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT), the Consortium contributes to the coordinated humanitarian response in the West Bank through coordination by the Shelter, Protection (including the Legal Task Force and Settler Violence Working Group), WASH, Food Security, Education and Health Clusters. The Integrated Protection Approach is envisaged to support the three strategic objectives of the 2017 Humanitarian Response Plan: 1. The rights of Palestinians under occupation are protected in accordance with IHL and IHRL; 2. Ensure acutely-vulnerable Palestinians under occupation in Gaza and the West Bank have access to essential services; 3. Strengthen the ability of acutely-vulnerable Palestinian households to cope with protracted threats and shocks.
The Consortium maintains a strong focus on learning and participatory field monitoring and evaluation. The Community-based Protection Approach, specifically, supports outcome monitoring based on a continuous process of analysis of protection vulnerabilities and needs, utilizing both quantitative and qualitative data drawn from semi-structured surveying, individual interviews, focus groups, transects and sectoral surveys. An Internal Evaluation of the Consortium was carried out in mid-2016 to inform the Consortium’s structure, functioning, strategy and operations. The Evaluation investigated the Consortium’s effectiveness in relation to its initial results, based on a literature review, secondary analyses of monitoring data, and a beneficiary perceptions survey. The Internal Evaluation was later complemented in April-May 2017 by a Case Study of the Consortium aimed at drawing an array of lessons learned and recommendations from this experience in order to inform DG-ECHO strategy and programming, particularly as regards transitioning to integrated protection approaches. The Case Study examined the context and process of formation of the Consortium, the relevance and evolution of its programming framework, its role in the humanitarian coordination structure and approach to vulnerability-based targeting. A more in-depth review of the Consortium’s Integrated Protection Approach - inter alia, its focus, methodologies and tools - will be conducted in late 2017 to support continuous programming improvements. An external evaluation of NRC’s Information, Counselling and Legal Assistance (ICLA) Program, which is partially funded through the Consortium, will also be carried out from September 2017 to February 2018 to assess its overall performance and guide future strategic direction.
B. Purpose of the External Evaluation and Intended Use
The proposed Evaluation aims to externally verify the Consortium’s progress and achievements towards its stated objective of preventing the forcible transfer of vulnerable Palestinians in the West Bank. The Evaluation will form an evidence-based narrative around the added value that the Consortium has had in achieving these outcomes. The Evaluation will explicitly assess:
As well as a focus on results, the evaluation will support the Consortium’s commitment to learning and sharing of lessons learned through two additional learning questions:
C. Scope of the Evaluation
Building on findings and learning from the Consortium’s ongoing monitoring and externally facilitated progress reviews, this external evaluation will critically look at the Consortium’s performance and the outcomes of its work across different programmatic areas and geographic locations over the past two and a half years. Performance will be evaluated and learning identified against the following outcome indicators:
Outcome indicator 2, specifically, will require the Consultant(s) to conduct a beneficiary survey (see methodology below).
The assessment will use the ‘DAC Criteria for Evaluating Development Assistance’ – relevance, effectiveness, efficiency, impact, and sustainability – and some of the associated questions to systematically review the Consortium’s performance. Broadly, the evaluation could be guided by the following sets of research questions:
The methodology to be adopted during the evaluation would include:
An explicit focus on methodologies that are friendly to/engage/are led by beneficiaries is essential to the development of the findings.
E. Required Qualifications
NRC is seeking a consultant or team of consultants with proven experience in humanitarian protection and evaluations. The following qualifications:
Required (for the lead consultant):
Advanced university degree in Social Sciences or other related field
At least 10 years of demonstrated experience in protection/humanitarian programming in an international context
Excellent research and evaluation skills. Must have completed at least two high quality programme evaluations in the last five years, at least one of them being related to protection response in emergencies/humanitarian crises.
Excellent writing and communication skills in English (Reference and production of sample work required)
Innovation and lessons learned
Willingness to travel to project sites (NRC will provide full security briefing)
Ability to meet deadlines
Sound understanding of IHL/IHRL
Knowledge of the oPt context
Prior experience evaluating DG-ECHO funded humanitarian protection projects
G. Time Frame and Budget Considerations
Expressions of interest should be forwarded to the (email@example.com) no later than 27 August 2017. The final decision on the candidate will be taken by 29 August 2017. Any queries to the ToR can be referred to (firstname.lastname@example.org)
The evaluation should be conducted and finalised over a period of 35 working days, of which 25 days at least should be spent in Palestine. The evaluation is envisioned to take place between September and November 2017, and should be finalized no later than 15 November 2017.
Applications should include a proposed budget for the evaluation, covering consultancy fees, return flight, accommodation, per diem, visa, insurances and communication.
The Consortium will provide the necessary logistical support for the consultant(s) while in Palestine. The Consortium will also provide a team of iterators for the fielding of the survey and data entry support.
H. Deliverables and Reporting Deadlines
The consultant(s) will submit two reports and offer a presentation to Consortium Partners and Donors:
The evaluation will systematically review the Consortium, offering factual support, analysis of activities, and synthesis of all information received for purposes of conclusion/recommendations. A final evaluation report offering a mere repetition of facts and activities will not be approved.
The evaluation report should consist of:
All material collected during the assessment process should be handed over to the Consortium Secretariat prior to the termination of the contract.
I. Follow Up/Management Response
A management response from the Consortium’s Steering Committee, including any plans for incorporating recommendations into the Consortium programme, should be prepared no later than one month after receipt of the evaluation report. It is the responsibility of the Consortium Secretariat to ensure that the realization of these plans are monitored and documented.
This vacancy is archived.
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