By 2050, Africa is expected to experience a 90% growth in the urban population. This will be driven by both positive factors such as development of infrastructure and requisite movement of populations from rural to urban areas and expansion of cities but also negative factors such as displacement of populations due to conflicts and climate change impacts such as floods and droughts, unemployment and poor labour conditions due to informal employment work, and poor living conditions due to unplanned and poor managed urban development expansion. In a recent analysis of the political and economic environment in the Horn, East and Central Africa (HECA) region, urbanisation was as such found to be one of the key trends that Oxfam in its programming in the region, needs to take cognisance of.
Regional focus on urban
In the HECA Political economic analysis, Sub Saharan Africa is flagged as being the world’s fastest urbanizing region with urban areas currently containing 472 million people and expected to double over the next 25 years. In Eastern Africa, it is expected that the number of urban dwellers in 2040 will be five times that of 2010. The lack of preparedness for this rapid transition is the prime reason why majority of the region’s urban residents (over 55% according to UN Habitat data) are found to be in slums.
Figure 1 below, shows the anticipated population changes expected in the 10 HECA countries over the period up to the year 2040.
Figure 1: HECA Countries Urban population trend (% of total) 1960-2040
In a recent survey on Oxfam internal stakeholder’s existing urban work and views towards Oxfam’s urban poverty and inequality work agenda in the future, the Oxfam International HECA Regional Platform (RP) and all 10 HECA country programmes participated in the survey. They recognized the needs and expressed keen interests to understand the explore ‘urban’ work in their respective countries and even at regional level of initiatives. A mix of countries in the HECA region have already developed a variety of urban programmes. These include humanitarian responses in peri-urban areas during disease outbreaks in South Sudan, Kenya and Somalia as well as longer term development programmes and advocacy initiatives in DRC and Kenya.
*The value addition to HECA region and Oxfam Confederation***
Through this initiative, the HECA RP will undertake a process of documenting lessons learned from existing work (both internal to Oxfam and external) into a research study and establish benchmarks against which future work in the area can be undertaken. In a process involving conducting of reviews in designated countries, consultation with key stakeholders culminating in a regional consultation forum (also a learning event), an outline of a framework with requisite benchmarks will be agreed on that will define future programming in urban areas and against which resource mobilisation for projects will be undertaken.
The HECA RP’s urban programming framework is expected to lead into improved and better programme design in potential urban initiatives at regional and/or country levels. This will contribute to HECA’s Regional Vision 2018-2028, in which ‘urban’ is identified as second -generation programming priority for the region. Noting that ‘urban poverty’ and ‘urban programming’ are topical issues for Oxfam, this project is timely that, it meets the keen interests of many HECA country programmes in looking into the growing of urbanisation of poverty and the potential added value of Oxfam to address urban poverty and inequality in the region (and in their respective countries).
The HECA experience in defining its urban programming agenda will add momentum to existing efforts to advocate for Oxfam’s greater attention to urban poverty and inequality work from a strategic and forward-looking perspective. For instance, a group of affiliates (including Oxfam Hong Kong - OHK) has initiated discussion on Oxfam’s strategic role on urbanisation, tying it in with urban poverty and inequality in terms of programming and influencing work in the next Oxfam Strategic Plan (OSP) period. A draft internal briefing paper, titled “Cities; the battlefield where Inequalities will be fought” with findings of a ‘stock-taking and future looking’ survey from Oxfam stakeholders, is being finalised. The paper is expected to facilitate a wider discussion within the Confederation, especially to share ideas on ‘urban’ work and address the fact that urbanisation poses an even greater challenge in the next decade in many of the countries where Oxfam operates. Such a process is crucial when Oxfam is in the process of developing the new strategic plan after 2020. The learnings from this project will offer valuable feedback to the important discussion.
The overall objective of this project is to develop HECA region’s urban programming framework that is informed by a comprehensive analysis of current and anticipated contextual factors. Specific objectives include:
i) To document key lessons learnt from urban projects and research implemented by Oxfam and other organisations in designated countries in HECA region
ii) To establish key benchmarks for future urban programming in HECA region
iii) To identify potential areas for country and/or multi-country projects for urban programming
iv) Perhaps to identify other urban programmes run by other institutions and learn from them or build up with that
Purpose of the consultancy
Oxfam is looking for a consultant to lead the process of developing the urban programming framework for HECA region by
i) Undertaking a lessons learnt and feasibility study targeting 5 priority countries in the region. This will involve, through desk studies, travel to the respective countries and meetings with key stakeholders, a review of work and research done in the urban areas and identification of possible areas for future engagement in the respective urban contexts.
ii) Conducting a regional workshop bringing together various stakeholders on urban programming in HECA to reflect both on the emerging issues from the country level pieces and to lead a broad consultation at the regional and global confederation level.
The key deliverables for the consultant will include:
i. Experiences and Lessons learnt report on urban programming in HECA region
ii. A HECA regional reflective and learning event on urban programming in HECA Region
iii. A preliminary urban programming framework for HECA countries
Submission of Proposal
The Consultant is expected to submit a detailed proposal with the following components:
a) Technical proposal
· A two-page word document detailing the Consultant’s understanding of the TOR including identification of key challenges/risks to the project delivery and any opportunities to capitalise upon for improving the project delivery
· A work plan with time frame (including a Gantt chart) including risks and mitigation actions
· A profile of the consulting person or firm including the full names, physical addresses, telephone numbers, and contact person of the form/company; date of registration, registration number, copy of registration certificate and VAT certificate; names of directors/proprietors
· Experience of undertaking similar work with traceable references
· A writing sample showing previous relevant work
· Copies of CV for the consultants who will undertake the assignment
b) Financial proposal
· Itemized consultant’s fees - consultant should indicate professional rate inclusive withholding tax
· Given the length of this project it is expected for the Consultant to be living in one of the HECA countries. Oxfam will cover travel and accommodation costs for the country trips.
· Validity period of quotation
· Expected payment schedule and method, which will be finalised with the engaged consultant to agree on the payment terms
Eligibility for consideration
Expressions of interest/ proposals are invited from suitably qualified and experienced consultants with capacity to undertake the above activity. Applicants should have traceable referees and records of previous work on project assignments linked to urban programmes
Essential qualifications and competences of the lead consultants should include:
· University degree in a relevant field including international development, urban planning, policy and planning among others
· Understanding of urban programmes in in the international development context and humanitarian context.
· Strong project management skills with an ability to adapt to change and uncertainty and manage multiple, complex workstreams in parallel
· Strong analytical and writing skills including an ability to quickly and visually summarize key information
· Interview and data gathering skills particularly at the community level
· Experience in working in a multi-stakeholder environment
· Experience working with government and multi-lateral institutions in the international development space
· Desirable qualifications and competences of the lead consultants could include:
o Experience in performing similar strategy development and programme review assignments
o Experience working in Horn, East and Central Africa context
· Fluency in English and French (spoken and written)
 In July 2018, HECA commissioned a political and economic analysis on the overall development situation in the HECA region, titled “Oxfam in HECA Region Political Review: Issues and Implications”. The review’s findings were discussed and validated in HECA Regional Leadership Team meeting in September with participations of CDs, RGG members and some invited stakeholders. Urbanisation and its implication to poverty and inequality in the region is highlighted as a mega trend that needs Oxfam’s attention for potential programming and influencing work in the future.
 Oxfam HECA Region Political Analysis Review: Issues and Implications, October 2018
 The survey is part of an Oxfam internal briefing paper “Cities; the battlefield where Inequalities will be fought”, led by a group of affiliates who are keen to advocate for an open and strategic discussion on urban work in Oxfam’s programming focus. The survey targeted Oxfam country programmes, regional platforms, OI teams and Oxfam affiliates to share their views from the existing urban work, and towards Oxfam’s urban work in the future. The survey received over 50 responses (1 response from one Oxfam entity), with many offered very positive feedback to engage in different urban topics. It is recognized that, addressing urban poverty and inequality is also an important path way to achieve the goal of ‘a world without poverty’. The internal briefing paper, including the findings from the survey, is expected to facilitate conversation in the confederations on Oxfam’s urban work agenda; hence will feed into Oxfam’s OSP process from now to 2020.